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Approximately one out of every 40 individuals in the United States is a carrier of the gene responsible for spinal muscular atrophy , According to recent studies. This illness is a neurodegenerative disease that causes muscles to weaken over time.
Twenty-five years ago this month, the medical world was turned on its ear with the isolation of the gene that causes cystic fibrosis, a devastating inherited disease that usually killed children by their late teens. At the helm of the research was Lap-Chee Tsui, who led the team at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children that made the seminal discovery in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan.
Neuroscientists have found that a gene mutation that arose more than half a million years ago may be key to humans' unique ability to produce and understand speech. Researchers from MIT and several European universities have shown that the human version of a gene called Foxp2 makes it easier to transform new experiences into routine procedures.
It has long been recognized that about four per cent of patients who are prescribed particular drugs for IBD go on to develop pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas, which can be fatal. Now researchers have found that 17 percent of patients who have two copies of a particular genetic marker are likely to go on to develop pancreatitis if they are prescribed thiopurine drugs.
The current Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, which has claimed more than 2000 lives, has highlighted the need for a deeper understanding of the molecular biology of the virus that could be critical in the development of vaccines or antiviral drugs to treat or prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever. The current Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, which has claimed more than 2000 lives, has highlighted the need for a deeper understanding of the molecular biology of the virus that could be critical in the development of vaccines or antiviral drugs to treat or prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
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State Parks officials issued a public warning after a shark attack on a harbor seal was reported at Seabright State Beach on Sunday. The attack reportedly occurred about 50 yards off shore at about 4:45 p.m. by a shark with a white neck, seen flipping the seal up into the air, said California State Parks Supervising Ranger Joe Connors.
Patients with common variable immune deficiency suffer from recurrent bacterial infections due to leaky intestines that cripple bacteria-fighting T-cells. The bacteria residing in our intestines help us digest our food, support our immune systems, and even contribute to the manufacture of certain vitamins.
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine have discovered how two genes - Period and Cryptochrome - keep the circadian clocks in all human cells in time and in proper rhythm with the 24-hour day, as well as the seasons. The finding, published today in the journal Genes and Development , has implications for the development of drugs for various diseases such as cancers and diabetes, as well as conditions such as metabolic syndrome, insomnia, seasonal affective disorder, obesity, and even jetlag.
Human airway cells produce hundreds of motile cilia. Cilia are labelled in green, cell membranes in red, and nuclei in blue.
New research shows that schizophrenia is not a single disease, but a group of eight distinct disorders, each caused by changes in clusters of genes that lead to different sets of symptoms. The finding sets the stage for scientists to develop better ways to diagnose and treat schizophrenia, a mental illness that can be devastating when not adequately managed, says C. Robert Cloninger, co-author of the study published today in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
University of Otago researchers have won $1 million in government funding for a two-year project that will extract food-safe digestible protein from natural wool. Sheep wool is 95% protein with no fat or carbohydrates.
In her Aug. 18 column in the New York Post, Doree Lewak discusses how she views the act of "catcalling" to be an innocuous form of "self-empowerment" for women, saying that it should deliver a "drive-by dose of confidence" rather than being considered something as negative as street harassment. After reading Lewak's column, I wondered just how common it was for professional or amateur writers as well as online commentators to pass off unacceptable social behavior by saying that it was merely "primal" and has probably existed for centuries, as Lewak did.
Medical investors once spent a disproportionate amount of their money on diseases affecting the brain, heart and skeleton. Now market pressures and technological advances are driving them to invest across the human body more broadly.
A potential way to treat muscular dystrophy directly targets muscle repair instead of the underlying genetic defect that usually leads to the disease. Muscular dystrophies are a group of muscle diseases characterized by skeletal muscle wasting and weakness.
Students in Marine Biology at Arthur L. Johnson High School setting up an array of fish tanks that will soon be home to a plethora of aquatic organisms. Students in Lou Van Bergen's Marine Biology Class at Arthur L. Johnson High School in Clark, haven't wasted any time getting to work this school year.
Updated: Tue Sep 16, 2014 02:57 am
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