What exactly did "subject to the jurisdiction thereof" mean to the framers of the Fourteenth Amendment? "The provision is, that 'all persons born in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens.' That means 'subject to the complete jurisdiction thereof.' What do we mean by 'complete jurisdiction thereof?'
"not subject to any foreign power"
You have some good stuff here, but it's going to take awhile to plow through it.
But I will say this: "subject to the jurisdiction."
I have in my possession two naturalization documents for direct ancestors, including a ships manifest.
On the document for application into the United States, it says clearly that the immigrant must have a sponsor... or someone willing to vouch for them... The immigrant must have a residence, someone willing to allow so-called immigrant to live with them or vouch that they have a residence.
The immigrant must specify how much money is in their possession. The immigrant must seek employment....and so on. So in order to even come to the US from a foreign country, the immigrant must comply with the law or it's no go.
After the immigrant takes up residency in the US the immigrant can apply for citizenship....which my ancestor did (AND SO DID YOURS BY THE WAY) as soon as possible. He bought a book to learn the English language first....sort of like "See Jane Run."
When he learned the language he got a job on the railroad and applied for his citizenship. During that time he had to read and learn the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. And before completion, he had to take a test and pass it. On the document I have, it shows his sponsor's name, and clearly states that he swore off any former foreign countries, the country of his birth from which he came, and pledge his allegiance to the United States of America.
After a few years of which it took to complete this, he then became an American citizen and remained so until his death.
The ship he came on and all this information was gleaned through the National Archives.
It is the same with every one of us, born in the United States. Each of us has THAT ancestor that left his family and homeland -- who pledged his allegiance to this country, and made you an American citizen. Your ancestor's information can be purchased through the National Archives - their citizenship is also available . All you need to give them is name - city/county/state in which they lived when they arrived.
It's an awesome document and one you will be proud to own.