Discrimination f Blacks at White Colleges http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2784452...
BLACK STUDENTS/WHITE CAMPUS
THE PERVASIVENESS OF RACISM
One theme common to all the identified factors, although not always stated or acknowledged, is institutional and individual racism. As Love states "...there has been little institutional recognition of White racism, little discussion of how it is manifested on campus, and little attention to how it affects black students, even in the absence of overt intent to discriminate"
(29). Racism is the underlying bedrock upon which rest the conditions leading to lower educational attainment by black students.
Racism/Discrimination. Certainly part of the cause of this feeling of alienation by black students is the experience of racism these students face at predominantly white campuses. Many black students come from neighborhoods and high schools that are mainly black and their college experience is their first major contact with personalized white racism.
According to Allen, in a study of black students attending 6 major universities, 60% of the students experienced at least one episode of racial discrimination (1988).
D'Augelli and Hershberger found that only 11% of the African American students in their study reported never having heard disparaging remarks about Blacks on campus. 89% of those students reported hearing such remarks occasionally, often, or frequently, 59% had been verbally insulted and 10% threatened (75).
Other studies examined the effect of racism on performance and retention. Nettles found that "feelings of racial discrimination ... have a negative effect upon both the progression rates and college grade point average of Black students" (28).
Clark and Crawford also found "a positive racial environment on a campus is associated with good academic performance and persistence" (62).
Perhaps the most shocking finding of these studies is the identification of faculty as a significant source of racial conflict for black students. 36% of black students in D'Augelli and Hershberger's study reported being verbally harassed in a racial manner by faculty (76). http://homepages.rpi.edu/~hultsp/BlackStudent...